Listed here are the winners and losers

  • The consequences of China’s financial slowdown are spreading globally and there are completely different winners and losers in consequence, BofA mentioned.
  • A weaker China, BofA, would assist scale back US inflation by means of a stronger greenback however might result in provide cuts.
  • In the meantime, some commodity exporters in Latin America have been hit by China’s slowdown.

China’s financial progress has been speedy, and its impression has rippled by means of the remainder of the world financial system with combined outcomes.

In keeping with Financial institution of America’s observe to shoppers, China faces headwinds that set the tone for the US, Europe and Latin America because it reacts to forex and commodity markets.

“Brief-term elements embody China’s zero-covid technique, deep issues within the property market and a weak labor market (particularly for younger employees),” BofA analysts wrote on Friday. “In the meantime, unfavorable demographics and low returns on funding after years of speedy infrastructure growth pose structural challenges to progress.”


China’s financial weak point presents each good and dangerous information for the US. On the constructive facet, China’s yuan has weakened about 8% in opposition to the greenback over the previous yr on expectations of aggressive Fed fee hikes and the US financial system outperforming others around the globe.

That will assist curb inflation within the U.S. Analysis exhibits {that a} 10% appreciation within the greenback lowers private consumption expenditure inflation by about 0.4 share factors, BofA mentioned.

Bank of America Dollar Yuan

BofA World Analysis

Nonetheless, China’s COVID-19 lockdown might weigh on U.S. markets by means of supply-chain disruptions. Shipments to the U.S. fell to their lowest stage since June final yr, probably signaling recent provide points, BofA famous, which might add stress to U.S. items inflation.

In the meantime, a weak Chinese language financial system might assist the U.S. lastly distance itself from its geopolitical rival.

“There’s a bipartisan push within the US to disengage from China,” in keeping with Financial institution of America. “Whereas concrete steps have been taken in some sectors, total commerce knowledge doesn’t present clear indicators of decoupling.”


China impacts Europe primarily by means of its exports and demand for commodity costs. If China eases the lockdown, it might assist ease provide disruptions in Europe and ease worth pressures on non-energy commodities, BofA mentioned.

However China will “contribute a lot lower than regular to the outlook threat steadiness,” analysts mentioned, with a slowdown on the horizon resulting from a worsening power disaster.

“In opposition to the present backdrop, the modest impression of China’s slowdown [Central and Eastern Europe] GDP is probably going restricted, as Europe faces the danger of manufacturing cuts resulting from winter gasoline rationing.”

Latin America

The area has vital publicity to China, with Chile sending 40% of its complete exports there, whereas Brazil and Peru ship 30% of their complete exports.

On a observe, analysts mentioned Brazil’s financial system faces a combined outlook resulting from China’s slowing financial progress.

“On the constructive facet, commodity costs are serving to to gradual inflation this yr from 12% to six.5% by the top of the yr,” BofA mentioned. “On the unfavourable facet, they have an effect on Brazil’s monetary place and commerce steadiness. Due to this fact, China’s low progress is negatively affecting Brazil’s exports and progress – do not forget that China represents a few third of Brazil’s complete exports, equal to about 5% of the nation’s GDP .”

Since 2020, Brazil’s exports to China have fallen sharply, knowledge exhibits, and as China’s demand for commodities similar to soybeans, iron ore, oil and meat declines, it must diversify its exports.

Bank of America Latin America China Exports

BofA World Analysis

Likewise, Chile has to endure extraordinarily weak demand from China for metals similar to copper, whose exports characterize 18% of Chile’s GDP.

“China is Chile’s main buying and selling companion, receiving about 40% of Chile’s items exports,” BofA mentioned. “Internet exports to China characterize about 2.5% of GDP, the most important share within the area.”

However Mexico seems to be benefiting because it positive aspects market share in U.S. product imports on the expense of China’s retreat, BOFA mentioned.

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