Science

China unveils scientific analysis outcomes for Mars mission

Zhurong is China’s first Mars rover and its lander. /CNSA

Zhurong is China’s first Mars rover and its lander. /CNSA

The China Nationwide Area Administration (CNSA) on Sunday launched a batch of scientific outcomes from its first exploratory mission to Mars.

The Tianwen-1 orbiter has been working for 780 days and the Zhurong rover traveled 1,921 meters on the pink planet’s floor on Thursday, in accordance with CNSA’s Lunar Exploration and Area Program Heart.

The orbiter and the rover have accomplished their scientific missions and have acquired 1,480 gigabytes of uncooked science knowledge, the middle stated.

Utilizing the info collected by Zhurong, Chinese language scientists present the connection between the formation of terrestrial options and water actions on Mars by conducting a complete research of those environmental options in touchdown space.

Geomorphology of affect plates, craters, valleys and ridges on the Zhurong Mars touchdown. /CMG

Geomorphology of affect plates, craters, valleys and ridges on the Zhurong Mars touchdown. /CMG

The Chinese language scientists additionally discovered hydrated minerals within the plate-like rocks, a layer of “duricrust,” indicating that there was plenty of hydroponic exercise on the web site for the reason that Amazonian interval, round 1 billion years in the past.

Platy-like rocks and a composite mannequin of the duricrust formation course of at China’s Mars rover Zhurong touchdown web site. /CMG

Platy-like rocks and a composite mannequin of the duricrust formation course of at China’s Mars rover Zhurong touchdown web site. /CMG

Scientists have additionally discovered that the Martian soil is very conductive and has low friction parameters, indicating that the world the place the rover landed might have been affected by wind and water erosion.

Geological options of Mars on the touchdown web site of China’s Zhurong Mars rover. /CMG

Geological options of Mars on the touchdown web site of China’s Zhurong Mars rover. /CMG

These outcomes confirmed the affect of wind and water on the evolution of the floor of Mars and environmental modifications, and help the speculation that there was an ocean earlier than the Utopian Planitia, in accordance with the CNSA .

As well as, Chinese language scientists have obtained quite a lot of scientific outcomes associated to the connection between the density of rocks on the Martian floor and the diploma of floor erosion, the distribution of ions and impartial particles within the near-Mars setting, and the robust discipline. of Mars.

Printed research associated to Nature Astronomy, Nature Geoscience a Superior Science.

Future missions will proceed to conduct distant sensing analysis and acquire scientific knowledge, the CNSA stated.

The Tianwen-1 probe, an orbiter, a probe and a rover, was launched on July 23, 2020. On Could 15, 2021, it’ll contact down on the designated pre-landing web site in Utopia Planitia, a big Martian plain, marking the primary time China had landed on the planet.

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